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+ DOM Nodes are reference counted, so as to ensure they are only destroyed
+ when nothing is using them. Each node has a reference count member
+ variable, which is a count of external references upon the node. Links
+ between nodes in the DOM tree (internal references) are not counted, as
+ they are implicitly available by consulting the relevant pointers.
+ A simplistic DOM tree might look like the following:
+ | ^
+ | |
+ +-|-------------+-|-------------+ |
+ | | | | | |
+ v | v | v |
+ | ^
+ | |
+ +-|-----+-------+ |
+ | | | |
+ v | v |
+ Thus, each node possesses the following links:
+ a) A link to its parent
+ b) A link to each of its children
+ c) A link to the sibling immediately prior to it
+ d) A link to the sibling immediately after it
+ None of these links are reference counted, as the reference can be
+ determined implicitly from the pointer value (i.e. a non-NULL pointer
+ implies a reference).
+ A node becomes eligible for destruction when:
+ a) its reference count variable equals 0
+ b) its parent node pointer equals NULL
+ I.E. There exist no external references upon the node and the node has
+ been detached from the tree.
+ Note that the presence of children or siblings attached to a node has no
+ impact upon its eligibility for destruction, as these links are "weak".
+ The node destruction process proceeds as follows:
+ 1) Any children of the node are detached from it and an attempt is
+ made to destroy them.
+ 2) The node is destroyed.
+ If, when attempting to destroy children of the node, a child is found
+ to have a non-zero reference count (i.e. an external reference is
+ being held upon the child), the child (and its children) is not
+ destroyed. The child is added to the list of nodes pending deletion
+ and will be destroyed once its reference count reaches zero.
+ This example uses the DOM tree depicted above, and a system state as
+ a) A NodeList collection references Node6. There are no other active
+ collections. The NodeList has a reference count of 1.
+ b) Node2 (and its subtree) has been removed from the document and
+ is referenced solely by the client code that caused it to be
+ removed from the document.
+ The client code unreferences Node2, thus reducing its reference count to
+ zero. It is now eligible for destruction. Destruction occurs as follows:
+ 1) Node5 is detached from Node2 and an attempt is made to destroy it.
+ a) Node5 has no children and has a reference count of zero, so it
+ is destroyed.
+ 2) Node6 is detached from Node2 and an attempt is made to destroy it.
+ a) Node6's reference count is non-zero, so it is added to the list
+ of nodes pending deletion.
+ 3) Node2 has no further children, so it is destroyed.
+ The client code unreferences the NodeList:
+ 1) The NodeList unreferences the node it's attached to (Node6).
+ Node6's reference count is now zero, so it is eligible for
+ a) Node6 has no children, so it is destroyed (and removed from the
+ list of nodes pending deletion).
+ 2) The NodeList is destroyed.